There is, of course, George Orwell’s 1984, with its anticipation of the State’s total surveillance machine. On a smaller scale, Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon has long been used as a metaphor for surveillance systems (Foucault, Zuboff) and many see the Internet as a form of modern Panopticon. In The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood, “the omnipresence of Eyes, Angels, Guardians, and Aunts—all agents of state sponsored repression—evoke an atmosphere of constant surveillance and social control in which biblical mandate, fascist tactics, and technology are all merged” (http://www.enotes.com). And in Philip K. Dick’s A Scanner Darkly, “the little people are trapped in a total surveillance state where hologram cameras are routinely used, every pay phone is tapped, supersonic tight beams are used for police assassinations, and the closest friends inform on each other” (Darko Suvin, New Boundaries in Political Science Fiction). Some of you may have seen Richard Linklater’s 2006 film adaptation, with Keanu Reeves as Arctor/Fred.
Think of more dystopian/utopian fiction on total surveillance? Please leave a comment!